Lawmakers move to take politics out of grant awards

Oversight committee votes to craft legislation that would make it hard to award grants and contracts to unqualified applicants.
Exterior of the Maine State House during the winter with trees missing all their leaves.
The Maine State House in Augusta.

The controversy over a $3 million energy grant that went to a politically-connected group may lead to a new law to subject state and federal grants to a competitive process.

On Tuesday, the legislature’s government oversight committee voted unanimously to begin the process of writing legislation that would make it hard to award grants and contracts to unqualified applicants, citing as an example the money awarded to the Maine Green Energy Alliance by the agency that runs the state energy programs.

“I just find it hard to believe that we don’t have anything in place in this state” that prevents political meddling or favoritism in the awarding of grants, said Rep. David Burns, R-Whiting, co-chairman of the committee. “Am I the only one that’s amazed by that fact? It just boggles my mind.”

The suggested legislative changes grew out of an audit of the Alliance by the legislature’s Office of Program Evaluation and Government Accountability (OPEGA) that found the agency was not capable of handling the $3 million Stimulus grant. The Alliance folded in January amid news reports that it had signed up only 50 of a projected 1,000 homes for energy efficiency upgrades.

The audit found that it was “an organization that was not yet set up to administer, account for and make decisions about use of those funds in the manner expected of entities that spend public funds,” although the audit also found that no funds were missing or used inappropriately.

The Alliance’s grant was part of a $30 million federal grant to the Efficiency Maine Trust for energy efficiency programs. It was awarded, despite misgivings among Efficiency Maine Trust staff, after an attorney in Democratic Gov. John Baldacci’s office urged that the Alliance be included in the state’s grant application to the federal government. The Alliance’s founder, Tom Federle, was Baldacci’s former legal counsel and a prominent Democrat.

Beth Ashcroft, head of OPEGA, said Tuesday that awarding grants that way “immediately puts the state at risk or liability for whatever that group is going to do as a subgrantee.”

“In this particular case, we got different stories about how that all came to be,” said Ashcroft. “But it did seem like if there had been a process in place before incorporating by name an entity into the grant application, there had been some process to make sure we selected them based on their qualifications, their capacity, their experience, or background or whatever, I’m not sure the Maine Green Energy Alliance would have ever made its way into the subgrantee.”

The state is at financial risk now because of the grant to the Alliance. An audit conducted for the federal government by Macdonald Page & Co. questioned $272,000 of the $513,000 spent by the Alliance. If the Alliance can’t document that those funds were properly spent, the state will have to pay the amounts in question back to the federal government.

The legislation being proposed by the government oversight committee would protect state agencies from political pressure to award grants to unqualified but politically connected organizations — something welcomed Tuesday by Efficiency Maine Trust Executive Director Michael Stoddard. Stoddard said the Trust’s directors would consider adopting similar rules for vetting potential grantees at today’s board meeting.

“By adopting these recommendations we will have guidance in place that allows us to move quickly and efficiently” to apply for federal grants, “but will also isolate us from undue influence,” said Stoddard.

The government oversight committee also voted Tuesday to tighten up the law concerning confidentiality of OPEGA’s reports prior to their public release. Currently, it is a crime to divulge those reports before their public release to lawmakers. That move came after some details of OPEGA’s report on the Alliance were leaked before members of the government oversight committee had seen it. Only staff and board members of the Efficiency Maine Trust and the Maine Green Energy Alliance, as well as Gov. Paul LePage’s office, had copies of the audit at that point.

Federle, the Alliance’s founder, spent almost two-and-a-half hours in front of the committee. He said that the organization lacked the administrative structure it needed to carry out the grant during its first six months and that he and others had failed to see that hiring a large number of Democrats, including sitting legislators and candidates, for the staff would create appearance problems. But in the end, he said, the Alliance’s work had brought “almost half a million dollars of direct economic activity” to Maine.

“I don’t think the money was wasted,” said Federle. “There were certainly lots of lessons learned and there were mistakes.”


John Christie

John Christie is the co-founder, former publisher and former senior reporter of the Maine Center for Public Interest Reporting. He has covered local, state and national politics as a reporter, editor and publisher at newspapers in Maine, Massachusetts and Florida and holds a BA in political science from the University of New Hampshire.
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